ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH (ISSN No. : 2320 -7000)
VOLUME : 1, ISSUE : 4,October-December, 2013
 
DISTAL CAUSES FOR NEONATAL MORTALITY IN SOUTH ASIA
Uttam Acharya, Dr. Stephen J. Atwood, Marc Vander Putten, Arun Kumar Joshi & Amrita Ghimire
 
ABSTRACT
Neonatal mortality in South Asian countries is rampant. Global commitment of reducing under- five mortality without improvement of neonatal survival is difficult to achieve. To explore the root causes of neonatal deaths can help to work out viable solution that can precipitate survival of a huge number of population. The main objective of this paper is to explore and identify the basic causes behind persistency of neonatal mortality in South Asian countries since decades as focusing on proximate causes were common and basic causes were unanswered which were leading to the persistent NMR. The basic causes includes, interalia, ignorance of mothers, lack of antenatal care and essential newborn care. This condition can be overcome by focusing on basic determinants like improving women’s education and also by empowering women through improvement in social, cultural and economic determinant that afflict their conditions. This requires massive global, regional and inter-sectorial collaboration and partnerships.
 
KEYWORD
Ante-natal care (ANC), mother-in-law(MIL) , Neo-natal , Neonatal mortality rate (NMR),
 
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