ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
YEAR : 2013, VOLUME : 1, ISSUE : 2
 
THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF HYDRO-PROJECTS: A CASE STUDY OF THE PONG DAM
Dr. Anurita Saxena
 
ABSTRACT
A dam, built to addresses problems of irrigation and electricity, not only displaces people but also affects natural habitat of the area. The local populace, the flora and the fauna are caught up in a swirling vortex that throws up new ways of living, new means of livelihood, and above all, a new ecosystem wherein there is a place for everyone. The construction of the Pong dam on the river Beas in 1974 unleashed cataclysmic changes in the lives of the people living in its vicinity. It created a large reservoir, named as Maharana Pratap Sagar, and in no time, the society and its economy, surrounding the lives of the people, the migratory birds, agrarian system, the aquatic life, all underwent a sea change. The present paper is an attempt to bring into perspective the socio-economic changes and new patterns of life that came in the wake of the construction of the Pong Dam.
 
KEYWORD
Avifauna, Fisheries, Hydro-projects, Kangra, Maharana Pratap Sagar, Nomadic Tribes, Pong Dam, Siltation, wetland.
 
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