ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

ABSTRACT

The present study is concerned with the status of migratory birds in Chitwan National Park of Nepal. The study was carried out from April 2013 to March 2014. Total number of species of the birds observed in the study area was 161.Out of these, 121 were winter migratory birds belonging to 22 families, 26 were summer migratory birds belonging to 12 families and 14 were passage migrants belonging to 12 families. Most of the winter migratory birds were aquatic. Among them Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) was the most abundant species. Most summer visitors breed at Chitwan National Park. Mainly fish-eating bird species were observed at river confluences and shaded forest areas. It was noted that migratory birds are decreasing in number due to several factors such as grass cutting in February-March, habitat loss, fishing, use of pesticides in agriculture, mass tourist activities in the park.

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