ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

ABSTRACT

Children are the future citizens of the nation and their complete development should be the utmost priority of any country. But unfortunately, many of our future citizens are forced to engage as child labour. The present study focuses on the magnitude of child labour among Muslim minority community. Data was collected from 250 Muslim and 100 other community families from five villages of five sub-divisions of the district South 24 Parganas of West Bengal by applying multi-stage random sampling technique and using self-made household survey schedule. The study found that, after implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan programme and Right to Education Act, 2009; the number of child labour among Muslim minority community has decreased significantly. But, till now a large section of Muslim male children (20%) and female children (4%) is engaged as child labour in different sectors. The problem of child labour was more prominent among Muslim minority than other community. More Muslim boys than girls were found to be engaged as child labour in all the phases. Majority of the child labours of Muslim minority community are compelled to work due to extreme poverty. The lower participation of female children as child labour is mainly because of the attitude of guardians towards the education of girl children has changed over the time mainly due to adoption of small family size and effect of some government projects like Kanyashree project, pre-metric scholarship, etc.

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