ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000




VOLUME : 5, ISSUE : 3, July-September, 2017 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)

Economics of Cultivation Among the Small and Marginal Farmers

in Andhra Pradesh

Dr. Karri Kishore Babu

Small and marginal farmers have a significant role in ensuring social stability whose benefit cannot be qualified in monetary terms. Hence no agricultural policy will succeed without making these farms economically sustainable and vibrant. The paper discusses the causes of agrarian distress. Due to high cost of cultivation, the small and marginal farmers are still in the clutches of indebtedness and poverty. This agrarian crisis has manifested in the form of suicides and has reached to dangerous levels in the State of Andhra Pradesh. The gravity of this problem as well as its causes point out that most of the suicides were among cultivators who belong to the category of marginal and small farmers. These farmers are facing severe problems in access to timely quality inputs including capital and marketing of their produce in an efficient manner apart from the general problems being faced by the agrarian sector, ranging from poverty to crop failure, indebtedness, marital discord and alcoholism. Their ability to absorb high cost technologies is also limited as compared to both medium and large farmers. The main objective of the paper is to analyze the economics of cultivation of marginalized farmers in the Andhra Pradesh. The study was conducted in the State of United Andhra Pradesh. The primary data used for this paper are based on the crop year of 2013-14. A multi-stage random sample method has been employed to select 405 sample households from three regions namely Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana of pre-partition Andhra Pradesh. In the first stage three districts were selected at random from the list of districts in each region where more than 80 percent of farmers are marginal and small farmers. Thus, for this study, Warangal from Telangana, Guntur from Coastal Andhra and Chittoor district from Rayalasema region were selected. In the second stage, two mandals from these districts were selected at random. Altogether six mandals were selected from the list of mandals. In these mandals, more than 80 percent of marginal and small farmers depend on cultivation. In the third stage, one village from each selected mandal was selected. As many as 20 percent farm households consisting of marginal and small farmers formed the sample for the survey. Thus altogether 405 farm households were selected. Regional variation in cost of cultivation has been examined and discussed.
Keywords: Agriculture, cost of cultivation, farm investment income, output- input.