ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 5, ISSUE : 1, Janurary-March, 2017 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
GENDER AND SUICIDE:WHY ARE MEN LEADING THE RISE?
Sapana Koirala*, Marc Vander Putten**
 
ABSTRACT
Globally, suicide rates in males are higher than for females with a constant predominance over time. This review explores why males are more vulnerable to suicide than females. A descriptive comparative documentary review design was applied using resource material published between 1990 and 2011. A social model of male suicide was employed to assist in the analysis while triangulation was applied to cross validate findings. Key findings point to the function of traditional defined gender roles inhibiting males to express emotions and fuel adverse coping strategies by expressing their dissatisfaction with excessive masculinity in the form of aggression and suicide. Further unsuccessful suicide is considered as less acceptable for men driving them to use more lethal methods. Gender differences in suicidal behavior suggest the need to pay more attention to gender roles in suicide research. In conclusion, suicide prevention and intervention require recognition of the role of traditional masculinity, situating individual explanations within a broader social context. Better insights on why males are more vulnerable to suicide will help to design and generate effective strategies for preventing suicidal behavior among them.
 
KEYWORD
Keywords: depression, gender, masculinity, social change, stereotype , suicide.
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