ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 5, ISSUE : 1, Janurary-March, 2017 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
THE PRINCIPLE OF RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT: IMPLEMENTATION AND RESPONSE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
Rubina Pradhan
 
ABSTRACT
The adoption of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a historic event in the world politics today which has made the role of International organization all encompassing. It is known that sovereign States have certain responsibility towards its citizens and are expected to act as a protector of people’s security. The puzzle arises when the States itself act as criminals and violate its citizens’ right thereby treating sovereignty as a license to kill as expressed by Bellamy and Wheeler (2011). The paper aims to look into the origin and need of R2P mostly highlighting on the role of the UN in establishing the principle. It will also discuss in detail the response of international community towords the proposal of R2P wherein we see various stances of leaders regarding its implementation. This will be substantiated by Brazil’s proposal of Responsibility while Protecting (RwP). The paper is largely devoted to the implementation of R2P which includes select cases of Kenya, Cote d’Ivore and Libya. The paper concludes by looking at various debates and criticisms that R2P has generated.
 
KEYWORD
Keywords: civilian protection, Responsibility to Protect (R2P), Sovereignty, State, United Nations.
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