ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 3, ISSUE : 4, October-December, 2015 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
BANGLA-ORIYA LANGUAGE DEBATE AND THE LANGUAGE-SECURITY MOVEMENT IN COLONIAL ORISSA
Sarangadhara Hota
 
ABSTRACT
The paper analyses how Bangla was in usage in schools and colleges of Oriya speaking areas, even after the British government’s decision to use vernacular languages and English in educational institutions. Further, it investigates the major personalities, both natives and the British, involved in the movement—either to save Oriya as a separate language or to replace it by Bangla. Among the important personalities and their efforts under our analysis are: T. E. Ravenshaw (the then Commissioner of Orissa), John Beames, Gourishankar Ray, Rajendralal Mitra, Kantichandra Bhattacharjee, Fakir Mohan Senapati, Madhusudan Das and Madhusudan Rao. This paper further explores the dominance of Bangla over Oriya language and its consequences. It will examine the growth of Oriya-consciousness among the natives resulting into “Oriya Language-Security Movement.” Subsequently, the victory of the Oriya language led to the formation of separate province of Orissa.
 
KEYWORD
Bangla, Fakir Mohan Senapati, John Beames, Oriya Language-Security Movement, Vernacular.
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