ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 3, ISSUE : 4, October-December, 2015 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
UNDERSTANDING THE NEXUS OF GROUNDWATER IRRIGATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN INDIA
Rajni Bala
 
ABSTRACT
Over the past 25 years, massive changes have occurred in agriculture sector of the world economy, but insecurity regarding food sufficiency is still prevailing in most of the developing countries. India aims to be a self-enough country in food availability which makes it imperative to grow sufficient food within the country. To attain this goal, State and Central governments intervene in providing uninterrupted food supply to safeguard the farmers against unpredictable food prices. India’s food security depends upon adequate agricultural production and agricultural production can be augmented only through proper irrigation facilities. Indian policy planners emphasize to expand and upgrade irrigation facilities. In irrigation sector, groundwater use became feasible resource in comparison with the canal irrigation in India. Initially this proved helpful in food production, but overuse of this resource has emerged as a drag over enhancing food production. This paper highlights the role of groundwater irrigation in attaining food security. The period covered is from Green revolution period onwards. The paper also elucidates the critical condition of groundwater resource and its possible impacts over food security.
 
KEYWORD
Agriculture, Groundwater boom, Groundwater Contours, Impacts on food security.
Copyright@2012.mewaruniversity.in