ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 3, ISSUE : 2, April-June, 2015 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
IMPACT OF DEMOCRATISATION ON MONGOLIA’S DOMESTIC POLITICS
Amba Shanker Bajpai
 
ABSTRACT
Mongolia was a Soviet satellite state. After Gorbachev initiated reform in USSR, Mongolia began experimenting with Soviet reforms and developed its own model of perestroika (öörchlön baiguulalt) and glasnost (iL tod). But the real opening act of political liberalization came in December 1989 when at a plenum of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP), Mongolian President, Jambyn Batmönkh publically criticized the Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal period(1952-1984) and condemned Horloogiin Choibalsm’s cult of personality. Political and economic liberalization was initiated. There was shift in foreign policy goals. Mongolia opened up with the outside world. The political maturity of the leadership allowed Mongolia to overcome the transition period with low level of violence. The thriving democracy has opened up space for women and civil society groups to emerge as significant voices. The paper deals with the complex dynamics during the transition period of Mongolian democracy.
 
KEYWORD
Glasnost, Great Hural , iL tod, öörchlön baiguulalt, Perestroika, Third neighbour.
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