ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 3, ISSUE : 1, January-March, 2015 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
FEMINIST CONCERNS IN CANADIAN NOVELIST CAROL ANN SHIELDS’ UNLESS
Dr. Anupam Chakrabarti & Arati Kumari
 
ABSTRACT
This paper examines the feminist concerns in the Canadian novelist Carol Ann Shields’ novel entitled UNLESS. Carol Ann Shields has written novels, poems, biography and plays. The paper explores the feminist approach dealt by Shields in this novel. Shields has used the theme of immanence and transcendence in Unless by her main character Reta Winter. “Immanence”, to her, is the historic domain assigned to woman: a closed-off realm where woman are interior, passive, static and immersed in them. Whereas ‘Transcendence’ signifies male realm: active, creative, productive, powerful, extending outward into the external universe. Every human life should have a balance of these two forces. But from the ancient time, women are deprived of ‘Transcendence’. Women can possess only the role of immanence. She gives her female protagonist, Reta Winter a different shape of selfreliance and self- identity. The paper also throws light on different views of feminism dealt by many prolific feminist writers such as: Simone De Beauvoir, Virginia Woolf, Marry Wollstonecraft, Betty Friedan, Germaine Greer, Adrienne Rich and Susan Brown Miller.
 
KEYWORD
Existentialism, Immanence, transcendence, goodness, The Second Sex, motherhood, Sexual politics.
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