ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 3, ISSUE : 1, January-March, 2015 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
THE EARLIEST SETTLEMENT AT CHECHAR -KUTUBPUR
Arun Kumar
 
ABSTRACT
Great civilization generally developed along the river banks. In the earliest time, microculture grew near the banks of perennial water sources like rivers and lakes. Gandak emerging through the Himalayas provided perfect condition for growth of sustainable human settlements. Many small and camp dwelling settlements were hidden in the womb of the Gandak plain. Chirand, Chechar-Kutubpur and Panr are the sites where the evidence of Neolithic settlement has been found. The micro- level Neolithic settlement took place at the time of late Pleistocene age. Settlement started directly on the yellowish compactcalcarious clayey earth. Perhaps, Mesolithic men migrated towards the Gandak plain from the Siwalik range of the Himalaya as well as the Vindhyan range. Earliest Chechar men were technically sound. They learnt the technique of tool making, kiln firing, pot making, stone bead and micro- tool making, food production, food cooking, house making, painting, use of pigments etc. There appears to be constant transaction between Chechars and other Neolithic sites such as Chirand, Panr, Maner.
 
KEYWORD
Ceramic, Gandak, Grey ware, Himalayas, Neolithic settlement, Pleistocene, Red ware.
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