ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 2, ISSUE : 3, July-September, 2014 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
THE ROLE OF BIOGAS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NEPAL: USERS’ PERSPECTIVE
Maheshwar Prasad Yadav
 
ABSTRACT
Environmental sustainability is an important ingredient of sustainable development. Sustainable development is the positive change in a pattern of resources use in such a way that present needs can be met without destroying the chance for the future generations to meet their needs. Furthermore, renewable energy as an essential ingredient of environment comes from resources which are continually replenished. Renewable energy technologies such as biogas, solar and micro-hydro are widely promoted in Nepal. In this study, only biogas has been considered. The paper examines role of biogas for environmental sustainability in Nepal based on a case study of Niglihawa VDC of Kapilvastu district. The users’ perspectives of sixteen out of twenty two biogas users have been collected by using structured questionnaire. It was found that there was 2.4 tons reduction of greenhouse gas emission annually per household as per CDM methodology. Biogas contributes for protecting environment in relation to forest conservation as 87 percent respondents agree that deforestation affects environment negatively while the rest are neutral. The results may vary in other area and/or sector of Nepal and beyond.
 
KEYWORD
Biogas, Environmental Sustainability, Users’ Perspective
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