ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 2, ISSUE : 3, July-September, 2014 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
THE SCIENCE OF MEDICINE AND SURGERY: A PRIME CONCERN IN THE MILINDA-PANHA
Krishna Kumar Mandal
 
ABSTRACT
This paper is an attempt to explore the medicinal and surgical concern of the Milinda-panha, a text of the 1st century AD which describes the debate between King Milinda and the Buddhist monk Nagasena. Nagasena compares nirvana with medicine. The elaborate description about various diseases, diagnosis and their treatment can be found in the text. But, these categories need psycho-analytical and semiological analysis for grasping the proper meaning of words Milinda-panha, despite its canonical nature, provides interesting insights into the medicine as its core context, the method of surgery, the anatomical and physiological details of human body, diagnosis, the importance of diet control in disease management and the prestige enjoyed by the medicine men in the contemporary society. But at the same time it also hints at the ongoing conflict between the forces of science and superstition. The causative status assigned to karma for disease and acceptance of the curative powers of charms and rituals in the face of rational traditions of diagnosis reflects the milieu of increasing Brahmanical orthodoxy.
 
KEYWORD
Buddhaghosha, Charak, dosha , gabbham , Humor, karma,Medicine, Milinda, Nagasena,nirvana, samskara, shilpa, yamaka-salaka.
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