ISSN: (Online) 2321 -4155
ISSN: (Print) 2320 -7000

JOURNAL OF INDIAN RESEARCH
VOLUME : 2, ISSUE : 1, January-March, 2014 (ISSN No. : 2321-4155)
 
THE BIPOLARIZATION IN EAST ASIA
Professor Yan Xuetong
 
EDITOR'S NOTE
This is the speech delivered by Professor Yan Xuetong during Asian Security Conference, 2014 on “Emerging Strategic Trends in Asia and India’s Response” organized by the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi on 19th February,2014. Upon our request, he has forwarded the paper for publication in the Journal of Indian Research. Professor Yan has been ardent supporter of revaluation of major power relationship. For him, the main question of contemporary international relation is whether the competition between China and the US will result in a disaster as often happened in history when two great powers collide; the second issue is whether it’s possible for China to become a new superpower peacefully; and the third issue is whether China will behave like the historical hegemon, a tyrant or will it be a new kind of humane authority based upon winning hearts and minds of people. He has proposed the idea of Superficial Friendship rather than Superficial Enmity as the major power relationship paradigm characterizing relationship between China and the U.S., which consists of a healthy or peaceful strategic competition. In the future, major powers will need to deal with more conflicts between them, rather than less. To manage the situation from worsening, Professor Yan suggests a Football game model in managing conflict rather than Boxing match analogy for international relations, in which competitors clash within a set of rules without causing much harm. Unlike Boxing match, in Football game; violence is not the primary means of interaction. He compares the Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to a Boxing match, and the current relationship between China and the United States to a game of Football. In this paper, Professor Yan hopes that China and India will develop cooperative relations rather than this new model of major power relations because the nature of the former is cooperation and the nature of the latter is competition.
 
KEYWORD
Bipolarization, competition, major power relations, multipolarization, rebalancing strategy, Trans Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership (TPP).
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